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Seminar: Granular Brownian Ratchet

What Seminar
When Apr 20, 2012
from 14:00 to 14:00
Where IENI meeting room - Q4P16
Contact Name Dr. Stefano Zapperi
Contact Email
Contact Phone +39 02 66173 385
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Dr. Giulio Costantini
Università di Camerino

Granular materials have been the subject of intense research in the last 20 years in physics. Most of the non-trivial phenomena that can be observed in a shaken box of sand are due to the inelasticity of collisions among grains. Kinetic energy is dissipated into heat, introducing an intrinsic time irreversibility in the "microscopic" dynamics which can have consequences at a more macroscopic level: for instance species segregation, breakdown of energy equipartition, apparent Maxwell-demon-like properties such a heat currents against a temperature gradient or mass current against a density gradient, ratchet-like net, drift of an asymmetrically shaped tracers, and so on. A Brownian ratchet is a system designed to extract work from a thermal bath. The second principle of thermodynamics establishes that this device, if it is at equilibrium, must be coupled to different baths at different temperatures in order to obtain a noise rectification. The breakdown of the time-reversal symmetry  leads to simple models of inelastic Brownian ratchets that are coupled to only one thermal bath at a single temperature.
Both approaches agree on the value of the upper-critical field, that  distinguishes the ferromagnetic and bubble phases.
Surprisingly, the predicted simple aging at zero field is observed in the simulations, where a logarithmic growth is found in contrast with the predicted power-law growth.

April 20, 2012 at 14:00 in the IENI meeting room


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